Preparation of a Master Budget

ABC Company manufactures and sells a single product. The following information is available concerning the operations for 1999.
a. The company’s single product sells for $60 per unit. Budgeted sales in units for the next four quarters are:
1999 Quarter 1 3,000 Budgeted sales in units
1999 Quarter 2 3,500 Budgeted sales in units
1999 Quarter 3 4,000 Budgeted sales in units
1999 Quarter 4 4,500 Budgeted sales in units
2000 Quarter 1 5,000 Budgeted sales in units
b. Sales are collected in the following pattern: 80% in the quarter in which the sale is made, 19% in the following quarter. On January 1, 1999, the

company’s balance sheet showed $60,000 in account receivables, all of which will be collected in the first quarter of the year 1999. Bad debts are

projected at 1% of quarterly sales. There is a -0- balance in the AFDA account.
c. The company requires an ending inventory of finished units on hand at the end of each quarter equal to 20% of the budgeted sales for the next

quarter. This requirement was met on December 31, 19×8. (The company had 600 units on hand to start the new-year).
d. Two pounds (2lbs) of raw materials are required to complete one unit of product. The company requires an ending inventory of raw materials on hand

at the end of each quarter equal to 10% of the production needs of the following quarter. This requirement was met on December 31, 19×8. (The company

had 620 lbs of raw materials on hand to start the new-year). Quarter 1 of the next year (year 2000) is estimated at 10,200 lbs needed for production.
e. The raw material costs $4.00 per pound. Purchases of raw material are paid for in the following pattern: 50% paid in the quarter in which the

purchase was made, and the remaining 50% is paid in the following quarter. On January 1, 1999, the company’s balance sheet showed $10,600 in accounts

payable for raw material purchases. All of which will be paid for in the first quarter of the year 1999.
f. Manufacturing overhead and selling & administrative expenses are paid in the quarter incurred. The only exception is depreciation.
g. The manufacturing overhead budget distinguishes between variable and fixed overhead costs. Variable costs fluctuate with production volume on the

basis of the following rates per direct labor hour: indirect materials $1.00, indirect labor $1.40, utilities $0.40, and maintenance $0.20. Fixed

costs per quarter are: Supervisory Salaries $20,000, Depreciation $3,800, Property Taxes & Insurance $9,000 and Maintenance $5,700. Overhead is

applied to production on the basis of direct labor hours. The annual rate is $8 per hour. (Hint: Total Manufacturing Overhead for 1999 $246,400 /

Direct Labor hours 30,800 hours = $8/direct labor hour).
h. Selling & administrative expense budget distinguishes between variable and fixed overhead costs. Variable costs are Sales Commissions of $3.00 and

Freight-Out $1.00. Variable expenses per quarter are based on the unit sales projected in the sales budget. Fixed costs, per quarter, are:

Advertising $5,000, Sales Salaries $15,000, Office Salaries $7,500 Depreciation $1,000 and Property Taxes & Insurance $1,500.
i. January 1, 1999, cash balance is expected to be $38,000.
j. Marketable securities are expected to be sold for $2,000 cash in the first quarter.
k. 2 hours of direct labor are required to produce each unit of finished goods and the anticipated hourly wage rate is $10. Direct Labor is paid 100%

in the quarter incurred.
l. Management plans to purchase new factory equipment in the second quarter for $50,000.
m. Management plans to purchase new office computers in the third quarter for $12,000.
n. Assume depreciation on new purchases is accounted for quarterly budgeted depreciation amounts.
o. Management plans to sell old equipment at the end of the fourth quarter for $3,000. Purchase price is $20,000, on January 1, 1996. Depreciation is

calculated using the straight-line method, useful life estimated at five years, with no residual value.
p. The company makes equal quarterly payments of its estimated annual income taxes in the amount of $3,000 per quarter.
q. Loans are repaid in the first subsequent quarter in which there is sufficient cash (incuring 8% interest if funds are borrowed.)
r. A minimum cash balance of $20,000 is maintained per quarter.
s. Budgeted balance sheet information as of December 31, 1998 were: Building & Equipment $ 182,000, Common Stock $ 225,000, Accumulated Depreciation$

28,800 and Retained Earnings of $ 46,480.
Requirements:
You must follow the posted lecture on Budgets that I authored.
Using Excel and the information above, prepare the following budgets and schedules for the year 1999, showing both quarterly and the year total

figures:
1. Sales budget & schedule of cash collections from customers
2. Production budget
3. Direct materials budget & schedule of expected payments for direct materials
4. Direct labor budget
5. Manufacturing overhead budget
6. Selling & administrative expense budget
7. Cash budget
In addition, complete the following:
A. Finished goods inventory budget (Schedule)
B. Budgeted income statement (Budgeted financial statement)
C. Budgeted balance sheet (Budgeted financial statement)

Submission requirements, due date & point value:
*You will be compiling the budgets in the order listed above. Be sure that these budgets are in this list in your Excel sheet.
*Include your name in the upper left side of the Excel sheet.
Formatting:
• Do NOT use cents (.00) in any records.
• Journal, adjusting, and closing entries do not contain dollar signs or cents.
Amounts DO contain commas.
• Financial Statements do NOT contain cents, but amounts DO contain commas.
• The “rules” for dollar signs are:
o First number in a new column includes a dollar sign.
o Use a dollar sign after a straight line (an amount for a subtotal or total).
o Use a double underline and a dollar sign for final totals on all financial statements.
• Refer to the text for proper formatting of financial statements. The correct headings are provided.

Submission Information:
Must complete this assignment in Excel. Include your Name, ACC Course, and Homework 1 in the upper LEFT
corner on all submitted documents (sheets within Excel). Submit your assignment through the upload
feature within Moodle.
Assignments should not be e-mailed to the instructor.
PLEASE BE SURE YOUR ASSIGNMENT IS ACTUALLY SUBMITTED AND NOT IN “DRAFT” STATUS.
In Moodle, there is a requirement to “click” a box to acknowledge that the submission is your original work.
By making this selection it completes the submission process.

FYI – How to fit a selected area to 1 page
Highlight the area you wish to print.
“Click” File, Print, under the Settings area pull-down and “click” *Print Selection*
At the bottom of the print menu screen, “click” *Page Setup*, beneath Scaling select
*Fit to: 1 page(s) wide by 1 by tall*
On the same screen, select the *Margins* tab. Set the Header and Footer to 0.
Set the Top, Bottom, Left and Right Margins to .5 and under the heading “Center on Page” select *Horizontally*
Lastly, “click” File, Print, and two options down from the Settings area is *Portrait Orientation*
if it reads “Landscape Orientation”
use the pull-down feature and select *Portrait Orientation*
Point value:20 points. Late assignments will not be accepted. This is individual work only.

 

 

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