This document will provide the framework for your intervention writing. Take a deep breath!! You
have a month to write the paper. The course instructor will be available during the entire process of
brainstorming, writing, and presenting your intervention.
The goal of this process, and the class as a whole, is to assist you in developing the skills to present a
concrete, tangible demonstration of your ability to locate, synthesize, process, and evaluate
information, and a plan to use these data to address a health issue. Needless to say, these tangible
demonstrations are often great exhibits to share with future employers to indicate both your cognitive
abilities and the quality of your work.
Final Paper Directions
For the conclusion of the PBH 250 course, in lieu of an exam, you will be required to complete a final
paper. This paper will be written in the form of a theory-based, goal-specific, innovative intervention
addressing a health issue of your choice. You will also be required to present your intervention to the
This will be a group project. Groups will submit an 8-10 page paper. Students are expected to engage
in meaningful discourse with their fellow group members for the construction of effective arguments in
support of their issues. The project will be based on a health disparity topic chosen by the group, but
approved by the instructor. The paper headings will consist of:
Abstract 1 page
Introduction 1 page
Literature Review 2-3 pages
Intervention 3-4 pages
Conclusion 1 page
Appendix Literature review grid
Specific instructions regarding completion of each section will be given in class.
Groups will provide a Powerpoint presentation (NO PREZI!). Powerpoints will have a time limit of
between 10 and 15 minutes. In addition, groups are expected to answer questions from fellow
classmates and the course instructor. Each group member is expected to participate in the
presentation, and will be evaluated by other members of the group. Group presentations may also be
evaluated by external evaluators.2
Selection of health issue to be addressed: Please type health issue, model or theory to be used,
and names of all five-six group members (no more/no less). Nominate a representative from
the class to upload the document to the course Blackboard page. Please work together as a class
to gather this information on one form. This will give you all an idea of the projects others are
undertaking and will ensure no two groups are using the same health issue and theory/model
By today’s date, your group should have met several times to discuss how you plan to
proceed/description of roles/tasks you each are undertaking. Upload a synopsis of your
group’s discussion to date by 11:59 PM using the link provided (one submission per group,
please make sure all group members’ names appear on the first page). No late submissions will
1. Completed literature review grid using no fewer than 10 peer-reviewed sources of
literature. Please follow guidance provided in class.
2. List the primary goal and three SMART objectives you would like your intervention to
Executive summary (maximum of one page!!!) of the details of your intervention and how it fits
into the framework of the health behavior theory you have chosen. Upload your document by
1:59 PM (class time) using the link provided (one submission per group, please make sure all
group members’ names appear on the first page), and bring a hard copy to class. No late
submissions will be accepted.
Second dedicated class day to working on your projects. Dr. Griffin will be available if you
All papers are due electronically submitted in Blackboard, with a hard copy also handed in to
Dr. Griffin during class. Presentations will be today, 12/6/2017, and during the final exam
period. (NO LATE SUBMISSIONS WILL BE ACCEPTED)
Grading Rubric for Final Papers and Presentations
Paper = 33.3%
Presentation = 33.3%
Peer Evaluations = 33.3%3
Literature Review Section
In order to prepare your intervention, you will first need to examine the peer-reviewed literature on
your selected topic. Reviewing this literature will enable you to quantify the magnitude of the health
issue you have selected, to determine what types of efforts have already been undertaken to reduce the
problem, and to gain an understanding of what types of projects could be beneficial in addressing the
issue in the future. Using correct APA citation methodology (http://www.apastyle.org), and peerreviewed and official governmental sources ONLY, please
include the following pieces of information
in the Literature Review Section:
1. Describe the health problem you wish to address. This description should include the
magnitude of the health problem, including the incidence and prevalence at the global, national,
and state levels.
2. Some health issues are more common in one group than another. Indicate what group of
people for which this health issue is of particular concern.
3. Health issues rarely exist in isolation. Describe the related health risks, or co-morbidities that
commonly exist in conjunction with this health issue.
4. Describe the long-term outcomes associated with this health issue.
5. Define the specific population in which you will address this health issue.
a. Describe the group you have selected in terms of age, racial or ethnic identity, social
economic status, education, and gender.
b. What are the individual characteristics that define this community?
c. What are the strengths of this community?
d. Who are some key opinion leaders or gate keepers in this community?
e. What are some of the assets in this community that can be utilized to assist in the
successful adoption of your intervention?
f. What communication media are known to be effective when reaching this population?
g. Name and describe some partner organizations who would be interested in lending
financial or other support to ensure the success of your intervention
6. Complete the grid below by reviewing at least 10 sources of peer-reviewed data that relate to
the community you have defined in question 5. At least two articles must describe the
magnitude of the problem in the population. At least one article needs to demonstrate the use
of the health behavior theory you have chosen (not necessarily with the specific health issue).
Each reference should have its own row (see the example distributed in class).
7. Using the information you have gleaned from the grid, determine what type of intervention you
will design, including which planning model you will use, the goals and objectives you would
like to achieve, and the staff you will need to employ.
8. Describe how you will evaluate the effectiveness of your intervention, incorporating internal
and external evaluators.
The grid is due on Wednesday November 15, 2017. Please do not wait until the last minute!5
To properly prepare your intervention, you will first need to examine the results of your peer-reviewed
literature search. Reviewing this literature will enable you to create an intervention that is appropriate
to the target population, and that adheres to the theoretical constructs of the behavioral model you
have chosen. Please make sure that your intervention includes the following pieces of information:
1. The behavioral model your group is planning to use and why this model was chosen (hint: you
should be able to reference that other researchers have used the model effectively in a similar
2. The name of at least one partner organization with which you can pair. Public health research
is often underfunded, especially at the community level. Resources go farther when groups can
work together and reduce duplication of resources. (hint: It is not necessary for your partner
organization to have exactly the same mission as your group, but you should share some
3. The methodology you will use to recruit intervention participants. Remember your inclusion
criteria (hint: remember how specific the criteria were for the articles we read this semester).
4. Though you are creating a fictional intervention, remember that all proposed research must be
approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB). Please include a statement that your
protocol has been reviewed and approved by MCPHS University’s IRB.
5. The intervention components should be described in detail, should consist of at least two
different components, and should align with the behavioral model you have chosen. What
exactly will you do to achieve your intervention goals? (hint: see the NCI “Theory at a Glance”
guide. For each group, there is guidance on potential change strategies associated with your
specific health model. Make sure you tie your intervention components to these constructs.)
a. Training sessions
b. Informational sessions
c. Healthy cooking demonstrations
d. Healthy shopping demonstrations
e. Driver’s education sessions
g. Public service announcements
h. Reviews of medical or other records
i. Testing of blood, BMI, etc.
j. Pairing a member of your target population with another individual
k. Engineering changes in the community
l. Provision of health care
m. Changes in health or program policy
*Please note that this list is not intended to be exhaustive!6
6. With what frequency will the components of your intervention be delivered? (hint: one session
is usually not sufficient for sustained behavior change; even within your target population some
members may have different learning styles.)
7. What resources will you use to implement your intervention? (hint: the type of resources you
use will vary depending on appropriately matching that which is likely to influence, and be
well understood, by your target population.)
a. Video games
b. The internet
c. Social media sites
d. Driver simulation machines
e. Technology of other types
8. Who will implement the intervention? How will you ensure they have the requisite knowledge,
skills, and abilities to implement such an intervention? (hint: several credentialing bodies exist
to certify the competence of various health professionals; Don’t reinvent the wheel!!)
b. Health educators
c. Driver’s education instructors
d. Classroom teachers
h. Other staff members
9. Are there significant others you will involve in your intervention? (hint: remember the SEM
and the multiple layers of influence; also remember that children are rarely in a position to
make complete behavioral changes on their own.)
10. How will you make sure your intervention is culturally competent and appropriate for your
target population? (hint: begin to think beyond race/ethnicity when contemplating cultural
competency; National origin, age, gender, sexual orientation, educational level, SES, and
race/ethnicity are all important to consider regarding cultural competence.)
11. A proposed method for evaluating the effectiveness of your intervention. This method will
vary depending on the model you have chosen. If you need some assistance with creating a
method of evaluation, please ask the instructor.
The executive summary of your intervention is due on Monday November 27th 2017, IN CLASS,
with a second copy uploaded to the course Blackboard site by 1:59 PM. This summary should be
one page in length (maximum!!) Please do not wait until the last minute!7
Intervention Assignment Remaining Sections
It might seem counterintuitive to write the introduction and abstract sections last, but this is the only
way to properly ensure these sections reflect the entirety of your document. Please follow the guidance
below to prepare the remaining sections, in this order: Conclusion, Introduction, Abstract and
a. This section of the paper should tie in both the literature review and intervention in a
way that very succinctly brings the paper to a close. Make sure to include how your
intervention is expected to advance the field, the expected limitations of your
intervention, and what is yet to be done to advance the science. See the conclusion
section of the journal articles you have included in your literature review section for
b. This section should be limited to one page.
a. The introduction should be the last large section of the paper you complete. Use this
section to introduce the name of the entity your group is representing, and to frame the
problem in a manner that is likely to garner interest in continued reading of the paper.
b. Your group will need to provide facts about the state of the problem in various groups
(this is information you should have gleaned while completing the literature review).
You should also provide information in this section about the adverse health outcomes
associated with the condition/issue so as to bolster support for an intervention.
c. Lastly in this section, your group will need to state the theory or health model that is
proposed for use as the framework for the intervention.
d. This section should be limited to one page.
a. The abstract is a brief summation of the most pertinent points of your entire submission.
It should be limited to only the most relevant information about your document and
should whet the appetite of a person who might potentially read your submission.
b. The abstract should consist of a problem statement (please include facts about the
magnitude of the problem), what has previously been done to address the problem,
what your group proposes to do to address the problem (process objectives)
(mentioning the application of the theory you have chosen), what your group expects to
be the immediate impact once your intervention has been implemented (impact
objectives), and what the eventual longer-term impact will be to the population at large
c. This section should be limited to one succinct paragraph.
4. References—Remember to cite all statements, assertions, statistics, and facts that appear in your
paper. Please use in text citations and include a reference section. All citations MUST be in
APA format. Please see the guidance provided in the syllabus.8
Please make sure that your document is free of first and second-person personal pronouns i.e. contains
no “I, you”.
Please start each section of the paper on the top of a new page.
This is a group project, so please do not place your names on individual contributions.
Number each page (with the exception of the title page).
Include the literature review chart as an appendix at the end of your document. Make sure that it is
formatted as landscape.
Your documents should be double spaced, using 1-inch margins, and Arial 11 point font.
Remember to spellcheck your paper before submission.
Let someone else read your paper before submission.
If you have any questions, please see the professor.
Please do not wait until the last moment!
The completed paper is due on Monday December 4th, 2017, and should be submitted in
Blackboard, with a hard copy delivered to Dr. Griffin in class on this date. Please do not email.
Also, please remember that NO LATE SUBMISSIONS WILL BE ACCEPTED!!! Do not wait until
the last minute!
As always, I am available to answer any questions you might have. Please visit my office hours or
my CASE hours for assistance.